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雅思大作文中让考官眼前一亮的8分小心思

雅思PTE黄老师初中生
2021-06-281185

雅思大作文中让考官眼前一亮的8分小心思

各位学霸们好,今天黄老师来分享一个雅思大作文的小众语法结构👉冒号:👈


标点符号一直是很多同学在大作文中会忽略的一个语法结构,但是根据雅思大作文官方评分标准【public writing band descriptors】,在7分的语法要求中,明确指出了👉 has good control of punctuation,即标点符号。



1

如何使用冒号?


很多同学在文章中只会使用逗号和句号,这样是无可厚非的,但是偶尔使用一些非常规的标点符号也可以使考官的眼前一亮,而冒号就是这样的一个结构。


首先,冒号的作用有很多,而我们使用的是:

⚠️ 用冒号连接两个分句,第二个分句对第一个主句起补充说明的作用。

比如:A dolphin is not fish: it is a warm-blooded mammal.

这里冒号后的海豚是暖血哺乳动物就是冒号前对海豚不是鱼类的补充说明。


同学们在雅思考试中也可以如法炮制,把两个起解释说明的句子用冒号连接起来,但是,为了避免语法错误,同学们最好不要用冒号连接两个长难句,优先选择较为简单的句子连接。


冒号不需要多用,考试的时候只需要使用1次即可,同学们可以在雅思作文中多多使用类似这样的小技巧,让考官时不时眼前一亮,这样有助于得到一个高分。


黄老师列出了一些带冒号的范文句型(从英文期刊中摘抄),同学们可以理解性记忆哦!



2

满分范文


Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins responsible for pollution: water pollution is caused by oil spill, acid rain, urban runoff; air pollution is caused by various gases and toxins released by industries and factories and combustion of fossil fuels; soil pollution is majorly caused by industrial waste that deprives soil from essential nutrients.


After a person’s basic needs have been met (food, shelter etc), the relationship between income and happiness is quite small. This leads to a simple, yet important question: if materialistic pursuits are not making people happier, then are the hours we spend pursuing better careers, nicer homes, and faster cars, in vain?


Job satisfaction falls into two levels: affective job satisfaction and cognitive job satisfaction.


These are nevertheless, merely quantitative considerations: the fact that more people go to vote is not a better thing for democracy.


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