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PTE本周写作SWT真题答案&模版解析

雅思PTE黄老师初中生
2021-06-18880

PTE本周写作SWT真题答案&模版解析

各位学霸们好,今天黄老师跟大家分享一下本周PTE考场真题 - Summarize Written Text答案。


1

本周PTE真题分析


本周PTE真题依旧比较稳定,整体命中率在3-4成左右,同学们依旧要做好面对陌生题目的准备,不能完全依赖机经。


对于写作SWT这道题来说,黄老师还是想提醒一下大家,不要相信‘万能模版’,这些万能模版各种各样,比如:

❌ 句子1 while 句子2, and 句子3 whereas 句子4.

❌ 句子1 because 句子2, but 句子3 while 句子4.


这些模版本身并没有太大的语法问题,但是他们的问题主要是在对应⚠️文章的逻辑上。因为该题并不是像很多人认为的那样:❌ 可以忽略文章的逻辑随意连接。同学们在使用从句的时候必须确保:☑️ 从句符合原文逻辑关系。


而这就意味着这道题不可能有一种模版对应所有的逻辑结构,同学们需要做的就是练习文章常见逻辑对应的从句,这样才能真正的在这道题拿到一个高分。


另外,对于⚠️文章句子的删减也是一个难点,很多时候文章的信息会超过该题字数⚠️上限75字,而这就需要我们删减合并文章的信息,这其中的语法细则也是需要同学们知道并且练习的。


所以,同学们在练习时一定要着重记住上面亮点,而不是无脑的套某一个模版或者背诵机经,这样效果是很差的。那么,接下来我们就一起来看本周SWT考题答案吧!同学们可以分析一下,黄老师对应原文的逻辑使用的是什么从句结构。



2

高分答案


1.Greenhouse Gas

When an individual drives a car, heats a house, or uses an aerosol hair spray, greenhouse gases are produced. In economic terms, this creates a classic negative externality.Most of the cost (in this case, those arising from global warming) are borne by individuals other than the one making the decision about how many miles to drive or how much hair spray to use. Because the driver (or sprayer) enjoys all the benefits of the activities but suffers only part of the cost, that individual engages in more than the economically efficient amount of the activity. In this sense, the problem of greenhouse gases parallels the problem that occurs when someone smokes a cigarette in an enclosed space or litters the countryside with fast-food wrappers. If we are to get individuals to reduce production of greenhouse gases to the efficient rate, we must somehow induce them to act as though they bear all the costs of their actions. The two most widely accepted means of doing this are government regulation and taxation, both of which have been proposed to deal with greenhouse gases.


参考答案:(这道题的难点为答案需要符合为文章信息点之间的逻辑关系)


版本1:

Greenhouse creates a classic negative externality that most of the cost are borne by individuals other than the one making the decision, andwe must somehow induce them to act as though they bear all the costs of their actions in order to reduce production of greenhouse gases to the efficient rate, which requires government regulation and taxation.


版本2:(选点略有不同,但是文章整体逻辑不变)

Because driver enjoys all the benefits of the activities but suffers only part of the cost, that individual engages in more than the economically efficient amount of the activity, so if we are to get individuals to reduce production of greenhouse gases to the efficient rate, we must somehow induce them to act as though they bear all the costs of their actions by government regulation and taxation.



2.Compulsory Voting in Australia

A democratic country should have the right to decide whether to vote or not. It is strange that after decades of crawling up the political backside of the US, Australians don't have that right. Being fined for not voting reminds me of the old saying "you can lead a horse to water but you cannot make him drink". The fine is not for failing to vote but for failing to have your name marked off a list! Forcing people to make a decision just means they'll make the easiest, quickest decision they can, not the best one. You need an informed electorate for compulsory voting to work. However, the reality is that nobody knows anything about the candidates and promotional material is not readily available. I'd rather 80% of people didn't vote than have them all just pick the first recognisable name on the ballot sheet. Then at least the government is elected by the 20% who care and make informed decisions. Otherwise it is largely pot chance who gets elected. Furthermore, compulsory voting doesn't ensure that the entire electorate is engaged in the democratic process. Those who don't want to vote can simply turn up and get their name marked off, without even putting pencil to paper. But you're seriously deluding yourself if you think that this is what all those who don't care about government do when they turn up to the polling booth. Voluntary voting at least ensures those who vote are the ones that care enough to do so. Perhaps somebody could enlighten me as to the reason why, to the best of my knowledge, Australia is the only 'democracy' that has compulsory voting. It is certainly not compulsory in the USA, England, Canada, New Zealand, Philippines or any other European or Asian democracy that I am aware of. Compulsory voting is, however, mandatory in most communist regimes.


参考答案:(大量并列转折逻辑出现时注意从句和并列结构的叠加原则)

Australia is the only democracy country that has compulsory votingwhereas compulsory voting is mandatory in most communist regimes, and forcing people to vote just means they'll make the easiest andquickest decision instead of the best one while compulsory voting doesn't ensure that entire electorate is engaged in the democratic process



3.American and Indian IT

Consider the current situation: like their counterparts in the United States, engineers, and technicians in India have the capacity to provide both computer programming and innovative new technologies. Indian programmers and high-tech engineers earn one-quarter of what their counterparts earn in the United States. Consequently, India is able to do both jobs at a lower dollar cost than the United States. India has an absolute advantage in both. In other words, it can produce a unit of programming for fewer dollars than the United States, and it can also produce a unit of technology innovation for fewer dollars. Does that mean that the United States will not lose not only programming jobs but innovative technology job, too? Does that mean that our standard of living will fall if the United States and India engage in the international trade? David Ricardo would have answered no to both questions- as we do today. While India may have an absolute advantage in both activities, that fact is irrelevant in determining what India or the United States will produce. India has a comparative advantage in doing programming in part because such activity requires little physical capital. The flip side is that the United States has a comparative advantage in technology innovation partly because it is relatively easy to obtain capital in this country to undertake such long-run projects.


参考答案:(文章信息需要进行句内组合后再句外连接,可以参照黄老师下文合并方法)

India is able to do both computer programming and innovative new technologies at a lower dollar cost than the United States becausesuch activity requires little physical capital, but United States will not lose not only programming jobs but innovative technology jobbecause it is relatively easy to obtain capital in this country to undertake such long-run projects.


秒懂逻辑:

印度在电脑与革新行业有优势是因为人工低廉,但是美国不会失去相关工作因为他们有资产累计。



4.Text Language

The world engages in improving literacy of reading and writing, but it is not that important now. What are text language anyway? It's an ancient IT for storing and retrieving information. We store information by writing it, and we retrieve it by reading it. Six thousand to 10,000 years ago, many of our ancestors' hunter -- gatherer societies settled on the land and began what's known as the agricultural revolution. That new land settlement led to private property and increased production and trade of goods, generating a huge new influx of information. Unable to keep all this information in their memories, our ancestors created systems of written records that evolved over millennia into today's written language. But this ancient IT is already becoming obsolete. Text has run its historic course and is now rapidly getting replaced in every area of our lives by the ever. increasing array of emerging ITs driven by voice, video, and body movement rather than the written word. In my view, this is a positive step forward in the evolution of human technology, and it carries great potential for a total positive redesign of education.


参考答案:

Text language, which is an ancient IT for storing and retrieving information, was created by our ancestors and evolved over millennia into today's written language, but text has run its historic course and is now rapidly getting replaced in every area of our lives by the ever, which is believed by author to be a positive step for technology and education.


秒懂逻辑:文字是古老的储存和读取信息的IT模式,它是由我们的祖先创造演变而来,但是文字已经染成了它的历史使命且正在被替代,作者认为该进程对于科技和教育来说有着积极的含义。




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